Biology

Courses

Biology


BIOL-010 Issues in Biology

Emphasizes analysis of biological problems relevant to the human experience and presents basic biological concepts in a variety of contexts. Subject matter might include medicine, environmental issues, ecology, molecular biology, physiology, and others.

BIOL-020 Human Sexuality and Reproduction

A science-based exploration of human sexuality and reproduction, which involves consideration of sexual anatomy, physiology, social norms, gender, perception, and behavior. From a social science perspective, sexuality is a key organizing factor for cognition, emotion, and relationships. Biologically, sexuality represents the means for propagating our species and serves important evolutionary and survival functions. It is a complex topic that requires broad integrated thinking across disciplines. Prerequisite: junior standing.

BIOL-101 Ecology, Evolution, and Heredity

The initial course for students planning to major in biology. Explores the nature of scientific investigation and the impact of human activity on the biological world by examining such topics as ecology, evolution, and genetics.

BIOL-101L Ecol. Evolution & Heredity Lab

BIOL-102 Cell and Organismal Biology

A survey of the major processes and structures of biology with a general emphasis on animals. Examines the molecular basis of heredity, cell division, metabolism and photosynthesis, and adaptive solutions to areas such as locomotion, digestion, respiration, internal transport, and immune responses.

BIOL-102L Cell & Organismal Biology Lab

BIOL-157 The Biology of Women

Examines the genetic and biological basis of gender difference, the unique biology of the female body and women's health care issues. Topics include female reproductive anatomy and the menstrual cycle, pregnancy and birth, developmental differences in the sexes, and reproductive technologies. Also covers problems such as breast cancer, premenstrual syndrome and osteoporosis. Includes the role of women in the health care system as well as biology and science in general. Not for biology major or minor credit. Same as WMST-250.

BIOL-201 Genetics

A workshop style course that examines Mendelian, population, molecular and quantitative genetics. Laboratory topics include the structure and function of nucleic acids, bioinformatics, and the use of molecular techniques to study human disease and evolution. Prerequisite: BIOL-102 or permission of the instructor.

BIOL-202 Systematic Biology

Systematic Biology is designed to introduce students to representatives of the kingdoms of life (e.g. prokaryotes, eukaryotic protists, fungi, animals and plants) in an evolutionary framework through an integrated lecture-laboratory experience. Using multiple methods, including light and electron microscopic examinations, students will have the opportunity to observe structures and other characters that bring diversity to all kingdoms of life. Students will use appropriate mathematical methods to model and infer evolutionary relationships between living organisms by molecular phylogenetics. Drawing on experiences in previous courses of the introductory sequence, students will explain the observations and results from the levels of molecules to ecosystems. These observations results, and explanations will provide the basis for journal-style writing projects. Same as ECOL-202.Prerequisite: BIOL-201 or ECOL-201 or permission of instructor.

BIOL-204 Biogeodiversity

Explores the influences of geology (abiotic factors) on the diversity of life. Students investigate multiple issues posed by the science and technology of the diversity of life on this planet. Particular issues range from how many species occur on earth to how to establish effective public policy guidelines for protection of life's diversity. For major elective credit.

BIOL-250 Stem First-Year Seminar

This seminar is taken by students in the STEM Scholars' Program in the spring of their first year as a way of continuing to work together to build the STEM cohort, learn about STEM careers, and to explore their own interests and aptitudes regarding future career options.

BIOL-300 Developmental Biology

Examines embryo development, focusing on cellular and regulatory mechanisms that guide the process. Topics include the events of development from fertilization through organogenesis in a range of animal systems from sea urchins through mammals. Prerequisite: BIOL-201 or permission of the instructor.

BIOL-301 Developmental Biology Lab

An investigative approach to the study of animal development, emphasizing cellular and molecular techniques. Students work in small groups to conduct and analyze self-designed experiments with invertebrate embryos. Prerequisite: BIOL-201 or instructor's permission.

BIOL-302 Comparative Vertebrate Anatomy

Examines the evolutionary relationships among the vertebrate classes, using comparative morphological evidence. Utilizes an organ system approach to the study of anatomy, and considers unique adaptations of individual vertebrates. Prerequisite: BIOL-202 or instructor's permission.

BIOL-303 Comp Vertebrate Anatomy Lab

Organ-based study of representative vertebrates, including shark and cat dissections. Prerequisite: BIOL-202 or instructor's permission.

BIOL-306 Cell Biology

Examines the molecular aspects of cell structure and function and the molecular processes that regulate cell behavior. Emphasizes experimental and problem-based approaches, and includes information on the cell biology of human disease. Prerequisite: BIOL-201 or instructor's permission.

BIOL-307 Cell Biology Lab

Introduces the laboratory techniques commonly used in the study of cell biology. Includes labs on the isolation and characterization of proteins and nucleic acids. Prerequisite: BIOL-201 or instructor's permission.

BIOL-308 Vertebrate Natural History

A general introduction to the vertebrates. Studies the evolutionary history, classification, ecology and behavior of the subphylum Vertebrata. Prerequisite: BIOL-202 or instructor's permission.

BIOL-309 Vertebrate Natural History Lab

A general field and laboratory introduction to the techniques of identifying vertebrates, population analysis, specimen handling and preparation, and field sign recognition. Prerequisite: BIOL-202 or instructor's permission.

BIOL-310 Animal Physiology

General and comparative physiology. Emphasizes membrane, neural, muscular and homeostatic physiology. Prerequisite: BIOL-202 or instructor's permission.

BIOL-311 Animal Physiology Lab

A laboratory in general and comparative physiology. Emphasizes physiological phenomena in such organ systems as the heart, muscle, membrane, neural and kidney. Uses several different vertebrate animals. Prerequisite: BIOL-202.

BIOL-312 Microbiology

An introduction to the morphology, physiology and genetics of microorganisms. Discusses the roles of microorganisms in the environment and in human disease. Prerequisite: BIOL-102 or BIOL-202.

BIOL-313 Microbiology Lab

Emphasizes basic bacteriologic techniques, including staining, culturing and identification. Laboratory may not be taken without BIOL-312. Prerequisite: BIOL-102 or BIOL-202.

BIOL-314 Histology

Microscopic anatomy of mammalian tissues and organs. Emphasizes the functions of the fundamental tissues. Prerequisite: BIOL-102 or instructor's permission.

BIOL-316 Molecular Biology

Examines the structure and function of DNA and RNA of prokaryotes and eukaryotes. Topics include recombinant DNA technology, genomics and bioinformatics. Prerequisite: BIOL-201 or instructor's permission. CHEM-221 strongly recommended.

BIOL-317 Molecular Biology Lab

Investigates the structure and function of DNA through techniques of molecular biology. Topics include agarose gel electrophoresis, DNA hybridization and gene cloning. Prerequisite: BIOL-201 or instructor's permission.

BIOL-320 Exercise & Extreme Physiology

A study of physiological processes in humans related to exercise and participation in sports. This course also examines the effects and repercussions of exposure of the human body to extreme environments, such as those experienced by scuba divers, climbers and high-altitude pilots. Prerequisite: BIOL-102.

BIOL-321 Exercise & Extreme Physio Lab

Investigates the physiological basis of human responses to exercise and extreme environments with an emphasis on neural muscular, respiratory and cardiovascular mechanisms. Uses some animal models. Prerequisite: BIOL-102.

BIOL-324 Animal Behavior

Explores the adaptive value of animal behavior with an emphasis on theory and hypothesis testing using examples drawn from primary literature. Major topics include sexual selection, mating systems, parental care, sociality, foraging theory, antipredator behavior, game theory, and communication framed within an evolutionary context. Prerequisite: BIOL-101 or ECOL-100.

BIOL-325 Animal Behavior Lab

Field and laboratory techniques in behavioral data collection, experimental design and statistical analysis. Hypothesis development and testing emphasized. A portion of the grade is based on an independent research project. Laboratory may not be taken without BIOL-324. Prerequisite: BIOL-101 or ECOL-100.

BIOL-326 Invertbrate Zoology

An introduction to evolutionary themes and functional approaches to invertebrate animal biology. Course covers a broad survey of the invertebrate phyla. Within the coverage of each group, unique aspects of morphology, physiology, ecology, and behavior will be discussed in light of the selective forces that have favored their evolution. Prerequisite: BIOL-202 or instructor's permission.

BIOL-327 Invertbrate Zoology Lab

An introduction to invertebrate phyla and subgroups with emphasis on form and functional morphology, organ systems, life history, ecology and behavior. Course includes dissections, examination of preserved material, demonstrations and observations of living animals. In addition, students organize an invertebrate collection based on local fauna. Laboratory may not be taken without BIOL-326. Prerequisite: BIOL-202 or permission of instructor.

BIOL-332 Population Biology

This course will introduce students to the biotic and abiotic factors that influence the size and trajectory of populations. Topics of the course will include understanding demographic rates, density independent and density dependent population growth rates, density, population dynamics of structured and non-structures populations,competitions, and predation. Prerequisite: BIOL-101 or ECOL-100.

BIOL-333 Population Biology Laboratory

This course will introduce students to methods used in estimating demographic rates and population parameters, such as age structure. Concepts fundamental to experimental design and statistical analysis of data will be stressed.

BIOL-400 Immunology

Investigates how the immune system defends vertebrate organisms against invasion by pathogenic microorganisms. Discusses recognition of antigens and interactions between components ofthe immune system from a molecular perspective. Prerequisite: BIOL-201.

BIOL-401 Immunology Lab

Techniques used in immunological studies. Topics include antibody purification, immunofluorescence and Western blot analysis. Prerequisite: BIOL-201 or instructor's permission. Laboratory cannot be taken without BIOL:400.

BIOL-404 Plant Physiology

The physiology of photosynthetic organisms. Includes photosynthesis, translocation, metabolism, mineral nutrition, photoperiodism, hormones, growth and development. Prerequisite: BIOL-202 or instructor's permission.

BIOL-405 Plant Physiology Lab

A series of experiments designed to illustrate the unique physiology of photosynthetic organisms. Prerequisite: BIOL-202 or instructor's permission.

BIOL-406 Ecology

The inter- and intra-specific relationships among plant and animal species and their abiotic environment. Emphasizes ecological energetics and the development of communities and ecosystems. Prerequisite: BIOL-102 or ECOL-201 or permission of instructor.

BIOL-407 Ecology Lab

Introduces methods and techniques to investigate ecological topics. Includes population and community dynamics, species interactions, and forest composition. Prerequisite: BIOL-102 or ECOL-201 or permission of instructor.

BIOL-408 Aquatic Ecology

The ecology of freshwater ecosystems. Emphasizes biota of freshwater and their relationships with physical and chemical components of lakes, streams and reservoirs. Same as ECOL-408. Prerequisite: BIOL-102 or ECOL-201 or permission of instructor.

BIOL-409 Aquatic Ecology Lab

Field laboratory in aquatic ecology techniques. Topics include physical and chemical measurements and the identification and enumeration of phytoplankton, zooplankton, aquatic plants and benthic organisms. Same as ECOL-409. Prerequisite: BIOL-102 or ECOL-201 or permission of instructor.

BIOL-424 The Biochemistry of Metabolism

his course covers the structure and function of major biomolecules such as carbohydrates and lipids and their role in metabolism. Energy metabolism and biomolecule biosynthesis and degradation are emphasized. Same as CHEM-424. Prerequisite: CHEM-222. Strongly recommended: BIOL-426/CHEM-426.

BIOL-425 Biochemistry of Nucleic Acids

This course integrates information from the disciplines of biology and chemistry to explore nucleic acid function and metabolism. In-depth discussions cover the forces behind DNA/DNA, DNA/RNA, and DNA/protein interactions as they apply to DNA structure and metabolism, RNA function and metabolism, protein synthesis, and gene regulation. Same as CHEM-425. Prerequisite: CHEM-222. Strongly recommended: BIOL-426/CHEM-426.

BIOL-426 Biochemistry of Proteins & Enzymes

This course focuses on the structure of proteins, the thermodynamics of protein folding, enzyme catalytic mechanisms and enzyme kinetics. This course also introduces the field of bioinformatics, the use of computer databases to determine relationships between nucleic acid sequence, protein structure and protein function. Same as CHEM-426. Prerequisite: CHEM-222.

BIOL-427 Biochemistry of Proteins & Enzymes Lab

This lab explores enzyme kinetics and inhibition, as well as methods of isolation, purification, identification, and analysis of proteins and enzymes. This lab is designed to provide technical skills necessary for biochemical research. Same as CHEM-427. Prerequisite: CHEM-222.

BIOL-429 Biochemistry of Metabolism Lab

This lab explores metabolic function and metabolites. The lab focuses on the isolation, purification, identification, and analysis of metabolites. Same as CHEM:429. Prerequisite: CHEM-222.

BIOL-440 Behavioral Neuroendocrinology

This course deals with the interrelationships among hormones, the brain, and behavior. The role of the nervous system and hormones in the development and regulation of behavior, as well as how experience can regulate neuroendocrine physiology, will be examined. This course puts special emphasis on generating and testing hypotheses based on knowledge gained from reviewing the primary literature. Specific topics covered include the endocrine regulation of reproductive behavior, aggressive behavior, biological rhythms, energy balance, stress, learning,and memory. Prerequisite: BIOL-102. Corequisite: BIOL-441.

BIOL-441 Behavioral Neuroendocrinology Lab

This course investigates the experimental methodology used by behavioral neuroendocrinologists to investigate the interrelationships among hormones, the brain, and behavior. The course provides hands-on learning about laboratory techniques that examine neuropeptides, hormones, brain structures, and behavior, as well as proper use of animals in research, experimental design, and statistical analysis. Hypothesis development and testing is emphasized, and a portion of the grade is based on an independent research project. Prerequisite: BIOL-102. Corequisite: BIOL-440.

BIOL-450 Advanced Stem Seminar

This seminar is taken by students in the STEM Scholar's Program in the second, third, and fourth years as a way of continuing to work together to build the STEM cohort, learn about STEM careers, and to explore their own interests and aptitudes regarding future career options. Prerequisite: BIOL-250.

BIOL-455 Neurons and Networks

This course is a detailed look at the sophisticated cellular and molecular mechanisms in the nervous system and how these mechanisms provide the foundation for circuits and functional neuroanatomical structures capable of generating complex behaviors and physiological functions. This course connects functional cellular and anatomical units of the nervous system to behaviors typically addressed by the field of psychology, such as learning, motivation, addiction, and psychological disorders. The intial material focuses on the molecular structure and function of neurons and then builds upon this foundation by progressively assembling the functional neuroanatomical structures of the nervous system and considering the complex behaviors that these structures generate. Prerequisites: BIOL-201, PSYC-101, and junior standing or permission of the instructor.

BIOL-500 Topics in Biology

Varying topics of interest to students and instructor. Possible topics include genetic engineering advances in embryology, plant products, reproductive physiology and stress ecology. Prerequisites: prior course in general topic area and instructor's permission.

BIOL-501 Seminar

Weekly, one-hour meetings where students and staff report and discuss current biological research literature. Senior biology majors in Group B track require one semester.

BIOL-502 Biology Internship

Career investigation for junior and senior biology majors. May be repeated once. A written report of the internship will be required. Prerequisite: First two years of the biology major program.

BIOL-503 Biological Issues in Australia

Introduces students to the unique biological and environmental issues of Australia, concentrating on isolation as a theme. Convergent evolution, colonial settlement, and introduced species, fire and aboriginal land-use practices, and coral reef ecology are all considered. Prerequisite for participation in the Focus Australia program.

BIOL-504 Independent Study

Investigation of a specific topic or problem in biology under the guidance of an appropriate faculty member.

BIOL-510 Student Research I

Introduces students to methods and techniques of biological research in the context of a collaborative research project. Required for students in the Group A track. Prerequisite: Instructor's permission.

BIOL-511 Student Research II

Collaborative research with an emphasis on presentation of data and explanation of results. Required for students in the Group A track. Prerequisite: Instructor's permission.

BIOL-550 Explorations in Biology

Explores salient issues in the biological sciences. Prerequisites: BIOL-101 or BIOL-102, junior standing or permission of the instructor.

BIOL-560 Interdisciplinary Explorations Biology

Explores salient issues in the biological sciences from an interdisciplinary perspective. Prerequisite: Sophomore standing or permission of the instructor. Individual sections may establish specific course prerequisites.

Ecology


ECOL-408 Aquatic Ecology

The ecology of freshwater ecosystems. Emphasizes biota of freshwater and their relationships with physical and chemical components of lakes, streams, and reservoirs. Same as BIOL-408. Prerequisite: BIOL-102 or ECOL-201 or permission of the instructor.

ECOL-409 Aquatic Ecology Lab

Field laboratory in aquatic ecology techniques. Topics include physical and chemical measurements and the identification and enumeration of phytoplankton, zooplankton, aquatic plants and benthic organisms. Same as BIOL-409. Prerequisite: BIOL-102 or ECOL-201 or permission of instructor.

Neuroscience


NEUR-101 Introduction to Neuroscience

This course introduces students to the interdisciplinary field of neuroscience: the study of the neural basis of complex behavioral and cognitive phenomena. Topics include the structure and function of the nervous system, basic neurophysiology, development, memory and attention, sensory systems, psychopathology, and the impact of neuroscience research on society. This course includes a laboratory component where students will be actively engaged in the process of scientific inquiry. 4 SH. CC: Scientific Explorations.

NEUR-510 Neuroscience Research I

Neuroscience Student Research I introduces students to methods and techniques of neuroscience research in the context of a collaborative research project. Prerequisite: Senior standing in neuroscience or instructor's permission. Capstone. 4 s.h.

NEUR-511 Neuroscience Student Research II

Collaborative research with an emphasis on presentation of data and explanation of results. Prerequisite: NEUR-510 or instructor's permission. CC: Oral Intensive, Writing Intensive.




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