HIST:132 Europe, 1648–Present.

Modern Europe from the dawn of science and Enlightenment thought to the end of communism and after. Focuses on political, intellectual, cultural and social developments, showing the ways in which ideas shaped people’s daily lives. Pays special attention to the human impact of the modern state’s development, as well as industrialization, empire building, modernism, world war and genocide. 4 SH. CC: Historical Perspectives.